Posts tagged "Factories"

Abstract of Factories Act 1948

I have attached abstract of factories act 1948. Get copy of this and affix in the Notice Board.


FORM – 28

Prescribed under Rule 124
(To  be  affixed in a conspicuous and convenient place at or  near  the main entrance to
the factory )

1.      “Factory” means any premises including the precincts thereof  –

(i) wherein ten or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on, or whereon  twenty or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on but  does not include a mine subject to the operation of  the  Mines   Act,  1952  (35 of 1952), or a mobile unit belonging  to  the  armed  forces  of the Union, a railway running shed or a hotel, restaurant or eating place.

Explanation  :-  For  computing the number  of  workers  for  the  purposes of this clause all the workers in different relays in a day  shall be taken into account.

2       .“Worker”  means  a person employed, directly or through  any  agency (including a  contractor)  with  or without the  knowledge of  the principal employer,  whether for remuneration or not, in any manufacturing  process, or in any other kind of work incidental to, or connected with, the manufacturing process, or the subject of  the manufacturing process; but does not include any member of the armed  forces of the Union.

3.          “Manufacturing process” means any process for  –

(i)           making,  altering, repairing, ornamenting,  finishing,  packing,  oiling,  washing,  cleaning,  breaking  up,   demolishing, or otherwise  treating or adapting any article or substance with  a  view to its use, sale, transport, delivery or disposal, or

(ii)                  pumping oil, water, sewage or any other substances; or

(iii)                generating, transforming or transmitting power; or

(iv)                composing   types  of  printing,  printing  by   letter   press,   lithography, photogravure  or other similar  process  or  book   binding; or

(v)                  constructing, reconstructing, repairing, refitting, finishing or  breaking up ships or vessels ; or

(vi)                preserving or storing any article in cold storage.

4.            Hours  of  work for adults (Sections 51 and 54).-  No  adult  worker  shall  be required or allowed to work in a factory for more than  48 hours in any week and for more than 9 hours in any day.

5.            Relaxation  of hours of work for adult (Section 64) .- The ordinary limits on working hours of adults may be relaxed in certain  special  cases,  e.g.,  workers engaged on urgent repairs;  in  work in the  nature  or preparatory or complementary work which must  necessarily  be  carried on outside the limits laid down for the general working of the factory; in work which is necessarily so intermittent  that the intervals for rest; in any work which for technical reasons must  be carried on continuously; in making or supplying articles of prime  necessity   which  must  be  made  or supplied  every  day; in a manufacturing process which cannot be carried on except
during fixed   seasons,  or at times dependent on the irregular action  of  natural forces;  in engine rooms or boiler houses or in attending  to  power plant or transmission machinery; in the printing of news papers, who are held up on account of the breakdown of machinery; in the loading or unloading of railway wagons or lorries or trucks; and in any work  which is notified by the State Government in the Official gazette as  a work of national importance.
Except  in  the  case of urgent repairs, the  relaxation  shall  not  exceed the
following limits of work inclusive of overtime :-

(i)  the  total number of hours of work in any day shall  not  exceed  ten;
(ii) the spread over inclusive of intervals for rest, shall not exceed  12 hours in any one day;
(iii) the total number of hours of work in a work, including overtime,  shall not
exceed sixty;
(iv) the  total  number of hours of overtime work  shall  not  exceed  fifty for any one quarter.

6.  Payment for overtime (Section 59).- Where a worker works in a factory for more than 9 hours in any day or for more than 48  hours  in  any week, he shall, in respect of overtime work, entitled to wages at the rate of twice his ordinary rate of wages.

7. Exemption of supervisory staff (Section 64).- Chapter VI, other than   the
provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 66 and of  the proviso to that sub-section, of the Act-Working hours of  adults –  does  not apply to persons holding positions  of  supervision  or   management or are employed in a confidential position in a  factory, provided  that where the ordinary rate of wages of such person  does  not  exceed  rupees  seven hundred and fifty  per  month, they  are  entitled  to extra wages in respect of overtime work  under  Section 59.

8. Weekly  holiday  (Adults) (Section 52).- No adult  worker  shall  be  required  or allowed to work in a factory on the first day  of  the week, unless –

(a)  he  has, or will have, a holiday for a whole day on one  of  the  three days immediately before or after the said day, and

(b)  the  manager  of  the factory has, before the said  day  or  the  substituted day under clause (a) whichever is earlier, –

(i) delivered  a  notice at the office of the Inspector  of  his  intention to require the worker to work on the said day  and of the day which is to be substituted; and

(ii) displayed a notice to that effect in the factory:

Provided that no substitution shall be made which will result in any  worker
working  for more than ten days consecutively without a holiday for a  whole day.

9. Compensatory holidays (Section 53)- Where a worker in a factory, as  a result of exemption from the ordinary provision relating to weekly holidays,  is  deprived of any of the weekly holidays, he  shall  be allowed,  within the month in which the holidays were due to him  or within   the   two  months  immediately   following  that   month, compensatory holidays of equal number of the holidays so lost.
10. Intervals  for rest for adults (Section 55 and 56).- The periods  of work  of adult workers in a factory each day shall be fixed that  no  period  shall exceed 5 hours and that no worker shall work for  more   than 5 hours before he has had an interval for rest of at least half an  hour  and  that inclusive of his intervals for  rest  shall not  spread  over more than ten and a half hours in any day or, with  the permission of the Chief Inspector in writing, 12 hours.
11. Prohibition of double employment (Section 60,71 & 99).- No child or, except in certain circumstances, an adult worker, shall be  required or allowed to work in any factory on any day on which he has already been working in  any other factory. If  a  child works in a factory on any day on which he  has  already been working in another factory, the parent or guardian of the child or the person having custody of or control over him or obtaining any direct benefit from his wages, shall be punishable with fine,  which may extend to Rs. 50 unless it appears to the court that the child so worked without the consent or connivance of such parent, guardian or   person.

12. Prohibition  of  employment of children under 14 (Section  67).-  No  child who has not completed his fourteenth year shall be required or allowed to work in any factory.

13. ours of work for children (Section 71).- No child shall be employed  or  permitted to work in any factory for more than four and  a  half hours  in  any  day  and during  the  period  of  at  least  twelve   consecutive  hours which shall include the interval between 10  P.M. and  6. A.M.  The  periods of work of all  children employed  in  a   factory shall be limited to two shifts which shall not  overlap or spread over more than 5 hours each and each child shall be  employed in only one of the relays.

The provision relating to weekly holidays shall also apply to  child  workers  and no  exemption form this provision may  be  granted in respect  of any child.

14. Pohibition of employment of women (Section 66).- No women shall  be  required or allowed to work in any factory except between the  hours of 6 A.M. and 7 P.M.The State Government may vary those limits  or  exempt  this restriction in case of women working in fish-curing  or fish-canning factories.

15.       Leave  with wages (Section 79, 80 and 83 and Rules).-  Every  worker  who has worked for a period of 240 days or more in a factory  during a calendar year shall be allowed during the subsequent calendar year  leave with wages for a number of days calculated at the rate of –

(i)   if an adult, one day for every twenty days of work performed  by    him during the previous calendar year; and

(ii)  if  a child, one day for every 15 days of work performed by  him  during the previous calendar year.

Explanation. 1. For the purpose of this sub-section –
(a)     any days of lay off, by agreement or contract or as  permissible  under the standing orders;

(b)     in the case of female worker, maternity leave for any number  of  days not exceeding twelve weeks; and

(c)      the leave earned in the year prior to that in which the leave is   enjoyed; shall  be  deemed  to be days on which the worker has  worked  in  a   factory for the purpose of computation of the period of 240 days  or  more, but he shall not earn leave for these days.

Explanation 2.- The leave admissible under this sub-section shall be exclusive of all holidays whether occurring during or at either end of the period of leave.
For the leave allowed to him, a worker shall be paid at a rate equal to  the  daily average of his total full-time earning, for the  days  on  which he actually worked during  the month immediately preceding the leave exclusive of any overtime and bonus, but inclusive of dearness   allowance and the cash equivalent of the advantage accruing  through   the  concessional  sale to  the worker of  food grains  and  other  articles.

A worker whose service commences otherwise than on the first day  of  January shall be entitled to leave with wages at the rate  indicated   above,  if he has worked for two-thirds of the total number of  days  in the remainder of the calendar year.

If  a  worker is discharged or dismissed from service or  quits  his  employment or is supperanuated or dies while in service, during  the  course  of the calendar year,he or his heir or nominee as the  case may  be, shall be entitled to wages in lieu of the quantum of  leave  to  which   he  was  entitled  immediately  before  his  discharge, dismissal,  quitting  of  employment,  superannuation  or death,calculated  at the rates specified above, even if he had not  worked   for the entire period specified above.  Such payment shall be made –

(i)   whether   the  worker  is  discharged  or  dismissed  or  quits  employment, before the expiry of the second working day from the day of such discharge, dismissal or quitting; and

(ii)  where  the  worker is superannuated  or dies while in service, before the expiry of two months from  the  date  of   such superannuation or death.
If the employment of a worker who is entitled to leave with wages is  terminated  by the occupier before he has taken the entire leave  to  which  he is entitled, or if having applied for and having not  been  granted  such leave, the worker quits his employment before  he  has   taken  the  leave,  the occupier of the factory shall pay  him  the  amount  payable in respect of the leave not taken, and such payment shall be made before the expiry of the second working day after  the  day  on which his employment is terminated and a worker  who  quits his employment, on or before the next pay day.

The  manager  shall maintain a register of leave with wages  in  the   prescribed Form 20 and shall provide each worker with a book  called  the “Leave Book” in the prescribed Form 21.  The leave book shall be   the  property of the worker and the manager or his agent  shall  not  demand  it  except  to  make entries of the  dates of  holidays  or   interruptions in service, and shall not keep it for more than a week at  a  time.  If a worker loses his leave book,  the  manager  shall   provide  him with  another  copy  on  payment of  paise …………..and shall complete it from his record.

16. Cleanliness  (Section 11).- Except in cases specially exempted,  all    inside  walls and partitions, all ceilings or  tops of rooms and  all   walls, sides and tops of passages and stair-cases in a factory shall  be  kept white washed or colour washed.  The   whitewashing   or   colour washing shall be carried out at least once in every period  of   fourteen  months.  The floor of every workroom shall be cleaned  at  least  once  in  every week by washing,  using  disinfectant,  where necessary, or by some other effective method.

17.       Disposal  of  wastes  and  effluents  (Section 12).-   Effective   arrangements shall  be made in every factory for the  treatment  of  wastes  and  effluents due to the manufacturing process  carried  on  therein, so as to render them innocuous,and for their disposal.

18.       Ventilation  and temperature (Section 13).- Effective  and  suitable    provision shall  be  made  in  every  factory  for  securing   and  maintaining   in   every workroom  adequate  ventilation   by   the    circulation  of fresh air and such a temperature as will  secure  to  workers therein reasonable conditions of comfort and prevent  injury to health.

19.       Overcrowding (Section 16).- Unless exemption has been granted, there shall be in every workroom of a factory in existence on the date  of commencement  of this Act at least 350 cubic feet and of  a  factory  built after the commencement of this Act at least 500 cubic feet  of  space  for  every worker employed therein, and for this  purpose  no account shall be taken of any space which is more than 14 feet above  the level of the floor of the room.

20.       Lighting (Section 17).- In every part of a factory where workers are  working   or  passing,  there  shall  be  provided  and   maintained  sufficient and suitable lighting, natural  artificial, or both.

21. Drinking  water (Section 18 and Rules).- In every factory  effective  arrangements shall  be  made to provide and  maintain  at  suitable points  conveniently  situated for all workers employed  therein, a sufficient supply of wholesome drinking water. In  every  factory  wherein more than  250  workers  are  ordinarily  employed  the drinking water shall, during hot weather be cooled  by  ice or other effective methods.  The cooled drinking water shall  be   supplied  in  every  canteen,lunchroom and  restroom  and  also  at   conveniently accessible points throughout the factory.

22. Latrines and  urinals  (Section 19 and Rules).-  In  every  factory  sufficient  latrine and urinal accommodation of the prescribed  types   (separate  enclosed accommodation for male and female workers)  shall  be  provided conveniently situated and accessible to workers at  all times  while they are at the factory. Every latrine shall be  under  cover  and so partitioned off as to secure privacy and shall have  a   proper  door  and  fastenings.  Sweepers  shall  be  employed whose   primary  duty  it  would be to keep  clean  latrines,  urinals  and washing places.

23. Spittoons (Section 20).- In every factory, there shall be provided a  sufficient number of spittoons of the type prescribed in convenient places and they shall be maintained in clean and hygienic condition.   No  person shall spit within the premises of factory except  in  the  spittoons  provided for purpose.  Whoever spits in contravention  of   this  provision  shall be punishable with fine  not  exceeding  five rupees.

24. Fencing of machinery (Section 21).- In every factory dangerous parts  of
machinery  e.g., every moving part of a prime mover and every flywheel
connected to prime mover, etc. etc. shall be securely fenced  by safeguards of substantial construction which shall be  constantly  maintained  and kept in position while the parts of  machinery  they are fencing in motion or in use.

25. Work on or near machinery in motion (Section 22).- No woman or young    person shall be allowed in any factory to clean, lubricate or adjust   any  part  of  a prime mover or any  transmission  machinery  is  in  motion, or to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of any machine  if  the  cleaning,lubrication or adjustment thereof would  expose  the woman or young person to risk of injury from any moving part either  of that machine or of any adjacent machinery.

26. Employment of young persons on dangerous machines (Section 23).-  No  young person  shall work at any machine declared  to  be  dangerous unless  he  has been fully instructed as to the dangers  arising  in  connection  with the machine and precautions to be observed and  has received  sufficient  training in work at the machine or is  under adequate  supervision by a person who has a thorough knowledge  and  experience of the machine.

27.       Casing  of new machinery (Section 26).- In all machinery  driven  by  power  and installed in any factory after the commencement  of  this  Act,  every set screw,bolt or key on any revolving shaft,  spindle, wheel  or pinion shall be so sunk,encased or otherwise  effectively  guarded  as to prevent danger; all spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require frequent adjustment while  in  motion shall be completely encased, unless it is so situated  as  to as safe as it would be if it were completely encased.
Whoever  sells  or lets on hire or, as agent of a seller  or  hirer,  causes  or
procures to be sold or let on hire, for use in a  factory  any  machinery  driven  by power which does not  comply  with  these  provisions or any rules made under this section, shall be punishable  with  imprisonment  for a term which may extend to three  months  or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both.
28. Prohibition  of employment of women and children near cotton  openers  (Section
27).- No woman or child shall be employed in any part of  a  factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton opener is at work.

29.       Excessive weights (Section 34 and Rules).- No woman or young  person  shall, unaided by another person, lift, carry or move by hand or  on  head, any material,article, tool or appliance exceeding the maximum  limit in weight set out in the following schedule :-


Persons                                           Maximum weight of material,
article, tool or appliance

(a) Adult male                                              55 Kilograms
(b) Adult female                                           30 Kilograms
(c) Adolescent male                                    30 Kilograms
(d) Adolescent female                                20 Kilograms
(e) Male child                                               16 Kilograms
(f) Female child                                           14 Kilograms

30. Protection of eyes (Section 35 and Rules).- Effective  screens  or suitable
goggles  shall be provided for the protection of persons  employed in or in the immediate vicinity of processes which  involve  risk of injury to eyes from particles or fragments thrown off in the  processes  or  which  involve risk of injury to eyes by  reason  of   exposure to excessive light or infra-red or ultra-violet radiations.

31. Precautions  in case of fire (Section 38 and Rules).- Every  factory  shall be provided with adequate means of escape in case of fire  for the  persons
employed therein.The doors affording exit  from  any  room shall, unless they are of sliding type, be constructed to  open  outwards.   Every  window, door or other exit affording a  means  of  escape  in  case of fire, other than the means of exit  in  ordinary  use,  shall be distinctively marked.  Effective and clearly audible   means of giving warning in case of fire to every person employed  in  the factory shall be provided.  Effective measures shall be taken to  ensure  that  wherein  more  than  twenty  workers  are  ordinarily  employed  in any place above the ground floor, or wherein  explosive  or highly inflammable materials are used or stored, all the  workers  are familiar with the means of escape in case of fire and have  been  adequately trained in the routine to be followed in such case.

32.       Washing  facilities  (Section  42  and  Rules).-  In  every  factory   adequate  and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided  and maintained  for  the use of the workers  therein.   Such  facilities   shall  include  soap  and nail brushes or other  suitable  means  of  cleaning  and  the facilities shall be conveniently  accessible  and  shall be kept in a clean and orderly condition.

If female workers are employed separate washing facilities shall  be  provided and  so enclosed or screened that the  interiors  are  not  visible from any place where persons of the other sex work or pass.

33.       Facilities for storing and drying clothing (Section 43 and  Rules).-  In  the case of certain dangerous operations e.g.,  lead  processes, liming  and tanning of raw hides and skins etc. suitable places  for keeping clothing not worn during working hours and for the drying of  wet clothing shall be provided and maintained.

34.       Facilities  for  sitting (Section 44).- In  every  factory  suitable arrangements  for sitting shall be provided and maintained  for  all  workers  obliged to work in a standing position in order  that  they may take advantage of any opportunities for rest which may occur  in   the course of their work.

35.       First-aid and ambulance room (Section 45).- There shall in every  factory  be provided and maintained sops to be readily  accessible  during all working hours first-aid boxes or cupboards equipped  with the  prescribed contents.  Each firstaid box or cupboard  shall  be kept  in  the charge of a separate responsible person  who holds a certificate  in  first-aid  treatment  recognised by  the  State Government who shall always be available during the working hours of  the factory.

In  every  factory  wherein  more than 500  workers  are  ordinarily  employed there shall be provided and maintained an ambulance room of  the prescribed size,containing the prescribed equipment, and in the  charge  of such medical and nursing staff as may be  prescribed  and  those  facilities shall always be made readily available during  the   working hours of the factory.

36. Canteens  (Section  46 and Rules).- In specified  factories  wherein  more than 250 workers are ordinarily employed, a canteen or canteens  shall be provided and maintained by the occupier for the use of  the  workers.  Food, drink and other items served in the canteen shall be  sold  on a non-profit basis and the prices charged shall be  subject  to  the approval  of a Canteen Managing Committee which shall be appointed  by  the manager and shall consist of an equal  number of  persons  nominated by the occupier and elected by the workers. The  number of elected workers shall be in the proportion of 1 for  every  1,000  workers employed in the factory, provided that  in  no  case shall there be more 5 or less than 2 workers on the Committee.   The Committee shall be consulted from time to time as to the quality and   quantity of food stuffs to be served in the canteen, the arrangement  of  the  menus,  etc. etc.  Where the canteen is managed  by a
co-operative  society, it  is  not necessary  to  appoint  a  Canteen  Managing
Committee and the prices to be charged  may  include a margin  of  profit  up to  a maximum of 5 per cent  of  its  working  capital.

37.       Shelters, restrooms and lunchrooms (Section 47).- In every  factory  wherein more than 150 workers are ordinarily employed, adequate  and  a  suitable lunchroom,  with provision for  drinking  water,  where  workers  can  eat  meals brought by them,  shall  be  provided  and  maintained for the use of the workers.

38.       Creches (Section 48 and Rules).- In every factory wherein more  than  30 womenworkers are ordinarily employed there shall be provided and maintained  a suitable room or rooms for the use of  children  under  the age of six years of such women.  The creche shall be  adequately  furnished and equipped and in particular there shall be one suitable  cot or a cradle with the seating accommodation for the use of  each  mother  while  she  is  feeding or attending to  her  child,  and  a   sufficient supply of suitable toys for older children.

There  shall be in or adjoining the creche a suitable  washroom  for   the washing of the children and their clothing.  An adequate  supply  of clean clothes, soap and clean towels shall be made available  for each child while it is in the creche at least a quarter litre of clean  pure milk  shall  be  available  for  each  child  on  every day  it  is accommodated  in the creche and the mother of such a child shall  be allowed  in the course of her daily work suitable intervals to  feed the  child.   For children above two years of age,  there  shall  be  provided, in addition, an adequate supply of wholesome  refreshment.   A  suitably  fenced  and shady open air playground  shall  also  be  provided for the older children.

39. Welfare Officers (Section 49).- In every factory wherein 500 or more  workers are  ordinarily employed the occupier shall employ  in  the factory such number of Welfare Officers as may be prescribed.

Special Provisions

40. Dangerous  operations (Section 87 and Rules).- Employment of  women, adolescents  and  children is prohibited or  restricted  in  certain operations declared  to be  dangerous,  e.g., electroplating, manufacture and repair of electric accumulators, glass  manufacture, grinding or glazing of metals, manufacture and treatment of lead and  certain compounds of lead, sand blasting, etc.

41. Notice of accidents (Section 88 and Rules).- When an accident occurs  which results in the death of any person or which results  in  such  bodily injury to any person as is likely to cause his death, or  any dangerous occurrence specified in the schedule annexed hereto takes place in a factory, the manager of the factory shall forthwith send a notice thereof by telephone, special messenger or telegram to  the Inspector  and  the Chief Inspector. When any accident or any dangerous occurrence specified in the schedule annexed hereto, which results  in the death of any person or which results in such  bodily  injury to any person as is likely to cause his death, takes place in a  factory,  forthwith notice shall be sent also  to the  District  Magistrate  or Sub-divisional Officer, to the  officer-in-charge  of the nearest police station; and to the relatives of the  injured  or  deceased person.


1.   Bursting  of  a plant used for containing or supplying  steam  under   pressure greater than atmospheric pressure.

2.      Collapse  or  failure  of a crane, derrick, winch,  hoist  or  other  appliances used in raising or lowering persons or goods, or any part  thereof, or the overturning of a crane.

3.      Explosion,  fire,  bursting  out, leakage or escape  of  any  molten  metal,  or hot liquor or gas causing bodily injury to any person  or  damage  to any room or place in which persons are employed, or  fire  in  rooms  of cotton pressing factories when a cotton opener  is  in  use.

4.      Explosion  of  a  receiver or container used for the  storage  at  a  pressure greater  than  atmospheric pressure of any  gas  or  gases (including   air) or any  liquid  or  solid resulting  from   the  compression of gas.

5.      Collapse or subsidence of any floor, gallery, roof, bridge,  tunnel,  chimney, wall, building or any other structure.

42.       Notice of certain diseases (Section 89 and Rules).- Where any worker   in a factory contracts any of the following diseases, the manager of   the  factory shall send notice in Form 27 thereof forthwith both  to  the Chief Inspector and the
Certifying Surgeon :-
Lead, phosphorus, mercury, manganese, arsenic, carbon bi-sulphide or benzene poisoning; or poisoning by nitrous fumes or by halogens or halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons of the aliphatic series;  or of  chrome  ulceration,  anthrax,silicosis,  toxic  anaemia,  toxic jaundice,  primary  opitheliomatous  cancer  of the   skin,   or  pathological  manifestations  due to radium or  other  radio-active  substances or x-rays.

43.  No  charge for facilities and convenience (Section 114).- No fee or charge  shall be realised  from  any  worker  in  respect  of  any arrangements  or  facilities to be provided, or  any  equipments or appliances to be supplied by the occupier under the  provisions  of  this Act.

44. Powers of Inspectors (Sections 9 and 82).- Inspectors have power  to inspect factories  any  time  and may  require  the  production  of registers,  certificates, etc. prescribed under the  Act  and  the  Rules.Any Inspector may institute proceedings on behalf of any workers  to  recover any  sum  required  to be paid by  an  employer  under  the  provisions relating to
leave with wages, which the employer has  not  paid.
45. Obligations of workers (Section 97 and 111).- No worker in a factory :

(i) shall   wilfully  interfere  with or misuse  any  appliance, convenience or other  thing  provided in a factory  for  the  purposes  of  securing the health,safety  or  welfare  of  the  workers therein;

(II) shall  wilfully  and without any reasonable  cause  do  anything likely to
endanger himself or others; and

(iii) shall  wilfully  neglect to make use of any appliance  or  other thing
provided in the factory for the purpose  of  securing  the health or safety of
the workers therein.

If any worker employed in a  factory  contravenes  any  of   these  provisions  or any  rule  or order  made  thereunder  he  shall  be  punishable  with imprisonment for a term which may extend  to  three  months, or with fine which may extend to Rs. 00, or with both.

If  any  worker employed in a factory contravenes any  provision  of    this  Act or any rules or orders made thereunder, imposing any  duty  or liability on workers,he shall be punishable with fine which  may  extend to Rs. 20.

46. Certificates of fitness (Sections 69, 70 and 98).- No child who  has completed his fourteenth year or an adolescent shall be required or allowed  to  work  in any factory unless a  certificate  of  fitness   granted  with reference to him is in the custody of the  manager  of  the  factory  and such child or adolescent carries,while he is  at  work,  a  token  giving a reference to such  certificate.   Any  fee payable  for  such a certificate shall be paid by the occupier  and shall  not  be recoverable from the young person,  his  parents  or  guardian.

An adolescent who has been granted a certificate of fitness to  work  in a factory as an adult and who while at work in a factory  carries a token giving reference to the certificate shall be deemed to be an adult for all the purposes of the provisions of the  Act relating to the working hours of adults and the employment of young persons.  An  adolescent who has not been granted a certificate of fitness to work in  a factory as an adult shall, notwithstanding his age, be  deemed  to be a child for all the purposes of this Act.

Whoever knowingly  uses or attempts to use, as  a  certificate  of  fitness  granted to  himself,  a  certificate granted  to  another adolescent to work in a factory as an adult, or who having  procured  such a certificate knowingly allows it to be used, or an attempt  to use  it  to  be made, by another person, shall  be  punishable  with imprisonment  for a term which may extend to two months or with  fine  which may extend to Rs. 100 or with both.

47.       Registers, notices and returns (Sections 61, 62, 63, 72, 73, 74  and 110 and Rules).- A register of adult workers in the prescribed  Form 17  and a register of child workers in the prescribed Form 19  shall  be maintained by the manager of every factory.

A  notice of periods of work for adults and a notice of  periods  of  work  for
children  in  the prescribed forms 16  and  18  shall  be  correctly  maintained  and displayed in every  factory.   No  adult  worker or child shall be required or allowed to work in any  factory otherwise  than  in  accordance with  their  respective notices  of  periods of work displayed in the factory.

The  owners,  occupiers or managers of factories  shall  submit  the  prescribed periodical returns to the Inspector regularly.

Click Here To Download Factories Act Abstract

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Posted by Hrformats - September 3, 2012 at 8:51 AM

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New Monthly Return Under Factories Act in Maharashtra

I am attaching format of monthly return (Form 27A) introduced for the first time under Maharashtra Factories (Amendment) Rules 2012 notified on 3.1.2012 to be filed by all factories electronically by 10th of each month. It will be noticed that wages sheet giving employee-wise details of wages has also to be filed with the return. In case of factories having less than 10 employees and covered under Section 85 shall file monthly return in respect of 3 months at the end of the quarter.


Please visit website of Directorate of Industrial Safety & Health:

Government of Maharashtra Directorate Industrial Safety and Health Department


Form 27 A
Monthly Return
[ See rule 119 (2) ]
Salary statement for the month ended………………………………
This return is to be submitted by all factories electronically
General information
1 Name and address of factory, street,
city, district
2 Name and designation of owner /employer
3 Name and designation of manager
4 Contact details of employer Telephone Fax
e-mail Mobile
5 Contact details of manager Telephone Fax
e-mail Mobile
6 Unique Factory Number
7 Registration number and its expiry date under Registration Number Expiry Date
Factoris Act
8 Legal Status of establishment a.Proprietorship
c.Private Limited Company
d.Public Limited Company
e.Cooperative Firm
f.Family Business
9 Ownership a. National
c.Joint National and Foreign
10 Type of employment as per the Schedule write down approriate type among the
in the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 Schedule
(Examplaes : Engineering, Loundry, Plastics etc.)
11 Date of commencement of factory
Workers over 18 years Workers over 15 years but < 18 years Workers below15 years Total
12 Managers and supervisors (whose wage < 10,000)
13 Number of permanent employees
14 Contract workers
15 Temporary workers
Casual workers
Badli workers
16 Apprentices
17 Family members


Click Here To Download New Monthly Return Under Factories Act

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Posted by Hrformats - June 7, 2012 at 5:16 AM

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New monthly return under Factories Act

I have Attached New monthly return under Factories Act

Form 27 A
Monthly Return
[ See rule 119 (2) ]
Salary statement for the month ended………………………………
This return is to be submitted by all factories electronically
General information
1 Name and address of factory, street,
city, district
2 Name and designation of owner /employer
3 Name and designation of manager
4 Contact details of employer Telephone Fax
e-mail Mobile
5 Contact details of manager Telephone Fax
e-mail Mobile
6 Unique Factory Number
7 Registration number and its expiry date under Registration Number Expiry Date
Factoris Act
8 Legal Status of establishment a.Proprietorship
c.Private Limited Company
d.Public Limited Company
e.Cooperative Firm
f.Family Business
9 Ownership a. National
c.Joint National and Foreign
10 Type of employment as per the Schedule write down approriate type among the
in the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 Schedule
(Examplaes : Engineering, Loundry, Plastics etc.)
11 Date of commencement of factory
Workers over 18 years Workers over 15 years but < 18 years Workers below15 years Total
12 Managers and supervisors (whose wage < 10,000)
13 Number of permanent employees
14 Contract workers
15 Temporary workers
Casual workers
Badli workers
16 Apprentices
17 Family members


Click Here To Download New monthly return under Factories Act

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Posted by Hrformats - May 10, 2012 at 11:40 AM

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Annual Return Under Factories Act

 I have Attached Annual Return Under Factories Act

FORM 27 (Annual Return) [see rule 119 (1)]


For the year ending________________________________________


General information



Name  and  address  of  factory  –                
  street, city, Taluka, district                  


Name and





Name and





Contact details of occupier   Telephone           Fax  



Contact details of manager   Telephone           Fax  



Registration number of factory                


License under Factories Act   License Number        




Installed HP                      


Legal organization     (a)   sole   proprietor (b) partnership

(c)   private

              company (d) public company      
              (e)  cooperative  (f)  family  business  (g)  govt./semi
              government(h) other          


Ownership         (a)  national (b) foreign (c) joint national




Manufacturing process as


3   digit   code   as   per   attached   Classification


  NIC 2008         Manufacturing Processes        


Plan approval number and date  ( Number           Date  
  in chronological order)                    


Does the factory have


Yes/No     If  yes,  what  is  the  date  of  issue  of


  Certificate of Stability?     certificate?              



serial No. of factory



Mention  maximum  number  of  workers  employed  for  any          
  day of the year                 Male   Female
  Permanent employees                      
  i) Managers and supervisors                    
  ii) Workers                          
  a)   Workers over 18 years                    
  b)   Workers over 14 years but < 18 years                


Contract workers                      


Daily wage workers                      
  i) Temporary workers                      
  ii) Casual workers                      


i) Apprentices                        
              – 3 –              


ii) Trainees


Total of Sr.No.15 to 18


19          Family members of the owner of the factory


a)     Paid


b)     Unpaid


20          a) Security/watchmen


b)Name of Security Agency/ Security Guard Board


c)  Mathadi workers


For   permanent   workers,   how   many   years   of service?
  Less than 1 year  
  1 year to <5years  
  5 years to <10 years  
  More than 10 years  




(If so,number)



22          Does the factory employ its own security guards as direct employees?


23          Does the factory employ its own Mathadi workers as direct employees?


24          Does the factory employ its own cleaning staff as direct employees?


25          Are any contract workers inter-State migrant workers?





What  was  the  date  of  the  last Date
  inspection by   a




What  was  the  date  of  the  last Date
  spot  safety  audit  by  a  factory  


What  was  the  date  of  the  last Date
  occupational, health and


  audit  conducted  by  an  internal  


What  was  the  date  of  the  last Date
  occupational, health and


  audit  conducted  by  an  external  


What  was  the  date  of  the  last Date
  examination by a


  person?           Equipment/machinery examined ______________
  What   was   examined   on   that  
  date? (Indicate)          


Does    the    factory    hold    any Yes/No
  OSHA   18001,ISO 14001


If YES, which certification(s) and what was the last
  other similar certification?   date of certificate renewal?


Does the factory have a Code of Yes/No
  Conduct  as  required  by  buyers If  YES,  what  was  the  last  date  of  inspection  by  a
  of the factories’ products?   buyer or buyer’s representative?



– 4 –


Dangerous operations and hazardous processes



Which  of  the  operations  among Indicate all operations that are conducted
  Dangerous  Operations  Schedule  
  are conducted in the factory? If none of the operations listed in the schedule are
    conducted, write NIL.


Is   your   factory   in   the   list   of  
  Industries   involving   hazardous  
  processes     as     defined     under  
  section  2  (cb)  of  the  factories If none, write NIL.
  Act 1948?  
  If  yes,  which  are  the  hazardous  
  processes  that  are  carried  out  in  
  the factory  


Storages of Hazardous Substances

35. Do you store any


(i) chemicals as listed in Schedule 1    
annexed to CIMAH Rules 2003,    
  in  your  factory?  If  so,  give  the If none write NIL  
(ii) Do you store quantities


hazardous  chemicals  equal  to  or    
  above  threshold  limits  as  listed If none write NIL  
  in   column   3   of   Schedule   2    
  annexed to CIMAH Rules 2003,    
  in  your  factory?  If  so,  give  the    
  list along with inventory.      
  Does   your   factory   fall   under Yes/No  
  MAH category?          
(iii) If your factory falls under MAH    
  (a)   Have   you   submitted   site Give date of submission  
  notification report?        
  (b)    Have    you    prepared    and Give date of preparation  
  submitted ON site


  (c)Have   you   updated   ON   site Give Date when last updated and submitted.  
  emergency plan?          
  (d)Dates   of   Mock   drill   along Give   Dates  of  Mock  drill  along  with  scenario,  
  with  scenario,  carried  out  in  the carried out in the year.  
(iv) Do you store quantities


hazardous  chemicals  equal  to  or    
  above  threshold  limits  as  listed    
  in   column   4   of   Schedule   2    
  annexed to CIMAH Rules 2003,    
  in  your  factory?  If  So,  give  the    
  list along with inventory.      
  (a)    Have    you    prepared    and Give date of submission  
  submitted Safety Report?      
  (b)Have  you  carried

out  safety

Give  date  and  date  of  submission  of  compliance  



– 5 –


audit internally in a year? If not report.
(c)Have  you  carried  out  safety  
audit externally? Give  date  and  date  of  submission  of  compliance


Safety and health


36             Does  the  factory  have  a  written    Yes/No


safety and health policy? If YES, how is this communicated to workers?


(a)    notice board

(b)     circular

(c)     other

If YES, what language is used?

(a)    Marathi

(b)   Hindi

(c)     English


37             Does   the   factory   have   written    Yes/No

safety guidelines for workers. If YES, how is this communicated to workers?


(a)    notice board

(b)     circular

(c)     other

    If YES, what language is used?  
    (a) Marathi  
    (b) Hindi  
    (c) English  


Does  the  factory  have  an  onsite Yes/No  
  emergency plan? If YES, evacuation plan is displayed throughout the
    factory for all workers to see?  
    If  YES,  is  there  regular  onsite  emergency  mock
    drills involving  evacuation drills?  
    If YES, what was the date of the last mock drill?


Does   the   factory   have   safety Yes/No  
  officers? If YES, how many as on reporting date? _______
    If  yes,  Whether  he  is  a  qualified  Safety  Officer  as
    per Rules?  


Does  the  factory  have  a  safety Yes/No  
  committee? If YES,  how  many  workers  are member  of  the
    safety committee? ______  
    how     many     management     representatives     are
    If YES, how often does it meet?  

41             Does the factory have at least 2 Yes/No exits on each floor in each

building it occupies?


42             Are    fire    extinguishers    placed    Yes/No

throughout the factory?     If YES, how many extinguishers  
        Sr.No. Type capacity Quantity


Foam type    


Dry power    




Any other    
        If YES, how many workers have been trained to use


Does  the  factory  have first aid Yes/No      




– 6 –


boxes?     If YES, how many throughout the factory? _______
        If   YES,   how   often   are   they   checked   for   their


Do  any  workers  have  a  first  aid If YES, how many?


Does     the     factory     have     a Yes/No
  HIV/AIDS policy?      


Does the factory provide workers If YES, which items are provided?
  with personal protective   Head protection
  equipments (PPE’s) ?     Foot protection
          Eye protection
          Ear protection
          Hand protection
          Body protection
          Respiratory protection



47             Are  workers  required  to  pay  for    Yes/No

any protective



If YES, which items?


Has the  




  accidents to the factory inspector If YES, how many non-fatal? __________
  during the reporting period?     how many fatal? __________


Has the  




  occupational diseases



If YES, how many non-fatal? __________




  how many fatal? __________
  reporting period?          


Has the  







If YES, how many __________




  reporting period?          


Are safety  posters

displayed  in

  the factory?            



Welfare facilities


Yes No

52          Does the factory provide drinking water for workers?


53          Does the factory have a crèche?


54          (a)Does the factory have a canteen?

(b) Is the canteen managed by-

(i)  Departmentally  or

(ii)  Through a contractor or (iii)By co-operative society.

55          Is a lunch room provided?


56          Does the factory provide a locker for workers?


57          Is there a changing room for workers?




– 7 –


58          Is there a rest room or shelter  for workers?


59          Is there a Occupational Health Centre?


60          Is the occupational health centre open to members of the worker’s family?


61          Is there an ambulance room?


62          Is there a full-time doctor in attendance?


63          Is there a part- time doctor?


64          Is there a full-time nurse in attendance?


65          Is there a part-time nurse?


66          Does the factory have separate toilets for men and women?


67          How many latrines for men?


68          How many urinals for men?


69          How many latrines for women?


70          Are the above facilities available to contract workers?


71          Is there a welfare officer?

If yes, number of welfare officers? ________________________



Wages and benefits  
72 Are    workers    required    to    work Yes/ No
  overtime? If yes, what is the overtime rate of pay?______
    If   yes,   what   was   the   highest   number   of
    overtime hours worked by a worker last month?
73      a)How many hours per day (without  
  overtime) Number ____________________
  do workers work?  
  b)How  many  days  are  required  to ______________________
  work for the worker per week?  


Industrial Relations


Does  the  factory  have  a  written Yes/No  
  Policy   against




Does the factory have






  sexual harassment ?        


Have any sexual




lodged  within

  the  factory  during  the  reporting    


Does the factory operate


  suggestion box scheme?   If  YES,  how  many  useful  suggestions  received
              during the period? ______  
              how many suggestions were acted upon?  _______
              how many workers rewarded for suggestions?


              how much amount was distributed as rewards?—–


78 Employment information        
No. of days worked in a year:———        
Workers *Avg.No. Number **Avg. No. Number of Number of




– 8 –


of workers

of man-

of hours


man hours



worked per

worked on



during the


overtime in





a year

overtime in a

Adults M      


Adolescents M          
(15-<18 years) F          
Children M          
(14-15 years) F          
See the explanatory note given below        


79   Leave with wages


Workers Numb















of workers











workers to















quit the


while in

wages in





lieu of




leave were



Adults M                
Adolesc M                
ents F                
Children M                
(14-15 F                



Accident details

              Workers employed directly         Total    
              Permanent Temporary     Contract      
No. Of Fatal accident                            
No. Of Non Fatal accidents                          
Dangerous occurrences   Fire Explosion Toxic gas Collapse of  building  /    
                  release   structure      
No.  Of  dangerous occurrences                      
in a year                              
Number of

Number of injured

Number of workers


Number of


Number of workers


workers who

injured in previous


man-days lost


injured this year but


returned to work in

year who joined the


have not joined during


this year


work this year


this year

81 Occupational Disease  details                      
List of


Occupational diseases reported in

No. of Workers

Mandays lost due

diseases which



the reporting period


died due to


to occupational





– 9 –


relevant to your Type No.









Medical Checks by Certifying Surgeons


Frequency of

Dates of medical

Name of the

Number of



examination of the

certifying surgeon


diseases detected.

checkups in


who carried out the


Type No.

your factory











83       Compensation/Ex-gratia details


Name of













n paid


legal heirs

covered under








insured under




WC policy? If


so give






84       Closure information of factory as per rule 125(2) of M.F.R., 1963


Name of factory and full address  
Date of closure  
Reasons for closure  
Nature of  closure,  whether  entire


or partial.  
If   partial   the   shift,   section   or  
department closed  
Number of workers  on the muster  
roll at the time of closure  
Number of workers affected by the  

Re-opening information of factory as per rule 125(3) of M.F.R., 1963

Name of factory and full address  
Date of closure  
Number of workers affected at the  
time of closure  
Factory  or  any  shift,  section   or  
department thereof reopened  
Number of workers  on the muster  
roll at the time of reopening  




– 10 –


Number  of  workers  re-employed Re-employed
and newly employed Newly employed




86          Is the factory a member of Yes/No the Mutual Aid and Response Group (MARG)


87          Has  the  company  engaged    Yes/No

in any other




what activities?  ___________________________
  activities during the period? who benefited?_____________________________


Does   the

factory   employ

  any disabled workers? If  YES,  what  types  of  disability?  (e.g.  physical,  sight,
          hearing, intellectual? _________
          how many men? ____________
          how many women ___________
          If YES,what special assistance and support, if any, has been
          provided for them? __________


I verify and state that the above information is true and correct to the best of my knowledge and belief.



Signature of owner/manager-






Designation-                                          Date:


Explanatory Notes :

*1 The average number of workers employed daily should be calculated by dividing the aggregate number of attendances on working days (that is, man-days worked) by the number of working days in year. In reckoning attendance, attendance by temporary as well as permanent employees should be counted, and all employees should be included, whether they are employed directly or by or through any agency including contractors. Attendance on separate shifts (e.g. night and day shifts) should be counted separately. Days on which the factory was closed for whatever cause, and days on which manufacturing process were not carried on should not be treated as working days. Partial attendance for less than half a shift on working days should be ignored, while attendance for half a shift or more on such day should be treated as full attendance.



– 11 –


2 For seasonal factories, the average number of workers employed during the working season and the off-season should be given separately. Similarly the number of days worked and average number of manhours worked per week during the working and off-season should be given separately.


**3 The average number of hours worked per week mean the total actual hours worked by all workers during the year excluding the rest intervals but including over-time work divided by the product of total number of workers employed in the factory during the year and 52. In case the factory has not worked for the whole year, the number of weeks during which the factory worked should be used in place of the figure 52.


4    Every person killed or injured should be treated as one separate accident. If in one occurrence, six persons were injured or killed, it should be counted as six accidents.


5          In items 24(a), the number of accidents which took place during the year should given. In case of non-fatal accidents only those accidents which prevented workers form working for 48 hours or more, should be indicated. 


 Click Here To Download Annual Return Under Factories Act

4 comments - What do you think?
Posted by Hrformats - April 9, 2012 at 9:58 AM

Categories: HR   Tags: , , , ,