Job Training Methods
There are many and many ways to train. In this post, we just list 14 training methods used in job development.
1. Training by Lecture
• A lecture is a method in which he or she may use handouts, visual aids, question/answer, or posters to support the lecture.
• Communication is primarily one-way: from the instructor to the audiences.
• Instructor can be experts, consultants, senior management…
2. Training by Presentation
• Presenter talk on a topic which requested from organization.
• Presentation usually is conducted by one or some member of organization.
• This method can include lecture method above.
• When a manager takes an active role in guiding employee we refer to this activity as coaching.
• Coaching is a forced task of all positions at management level.
4. On-the-job training
The trainee is placed on the job and the manager or instructor shows the trainee how to do the job.
• This method also called self-discovery training.
• Trainees discover the competencies on their own using such techniques as video-visual aids, books at company library, company intranet…
6. Job rotation
• Job rotation represents an excellent method for broadening the manager or potential manager and for turning specialist into generalists.
• It can also provide opportunities for a more comprehensive and reliable evaluation of the manager by his or her supervisors.
7. Movies/videos/computer-based training
Content for the training experience comes primarily from a videotape program…
8. Training by Group discussion
• Group discussion is a good problem-solving approach.
• A group considers a specific problem and they work to reach a agreement.
9. Training by Seminar
Seminars often combine several group methods: lectures, discussions…
10. Training by Projects
• Projects require the trainees to do something on the job which improves the business as well as helps them learn about the topic of training.
• Member of a project should come from another sections.
11. Panel training
• A panel provides several points of view on a topic to seek alternatives to a situation.
• A panel training include 3-5 instructors and 10 – 15 learners.
• Instructors discuss together, learner listen and make feedback when they are asked.
12. Tutorial training
• Tutorial training s a one-on-one process in which the instructor works directly with the learner, who learns through practice followed under guidance of instructor.
• The instructor may either be the leader or an advanced learner.
E-learning is a method of instruction that is generally computer assisted and is delivered via CD/DVD ROM, audio, videotape or the internet.
14. Field Trip
• A carefully planned visit or tour to a site away from the training activity in order to observe activity, objects, or situations.
• Learners are taken to the environment where the task is performed.
• Learners can give a set of questions for which answers may be found on the trip.